Obesity and Coronary Heart Disease Risks

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Obesity is a rising metabolic disorder that has affected people throughout the world. It is closely linked to heart disease and other health issues. Strictly defined, it is based on the body mass index (BMI), calculating the fat ratio from a formula using the height and weight of the individuals.

The formula is weight in pounds divided by the height in inches squared divided by 703. The total of that calculation then is used against the chart to determine if the individual is underweight (18.5 or lower), healthy weight (18.5 – 24.9), overweight (25 – 29), or obese (30 +).

Obesity and coronary heart disease are closely related, according to clinical studies. Obese people tend to have a higher risk of heart disease due to their underlying health issues such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. The one contributing factor with heart disease is directly connected to the high cholesterol, which also has issues with clogging of the arteries; increasing the risks of heart disease in every individual, but is extremely higher in obese people.

People with high risks of heart disease; generally have other health issues that once were thought to contribute to the disease. But recent studies indicate that the obese have a higher risk of heart disease; even without the other underlying health problems.

Other contributing factors include the diet of the individual. Obese individuals tend to have a high caloric and carbohydrate diet, which blocks the blood vessels and can lead to heart muscle damage.

When the individuals limit their amounts of fat, sodium and starch, which are turned into fat when not burned up by the body with physical activity and exercise, the individuals can lose weight and thereby decrease the risks of heart disease. Learning to eat a healthy diet will mitigate the risks, but not necessarily eliminate the risks, if damage to the vessels and heart muscles has set in prior to the weight loss.

The obvious solution is prevention. Taking care to eat a healthy diet, get sufficient exercise to maintain a health weight to avoid permanently damaging the heart and blood vessels. Also essential is to avoid smoking as well as to reduce stress when and where possible. As is often said, health is taken for granted and it should not be.

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